Broadly speaking, we may distinguish two types of justice: substantive and procedural. Both are relevant for climate policy. Substantive justice…
Ensuring That We Hear the Voices of the Vulnerable: Toward a Human Rights-Based Approach to Bioenergy and Carbon Capture and Storage – Wil Burns
How could individuals and groups that might be adversely impacted by BECCS deployment seek to protect their interests, and encourage strategies that can ameliorate associated risks? One approach would be to invoke human rights interests.
New CIGI Report – The Paris Agreement and Climate Geoengineering Governance: The Need For a Human-rights Based Component
This paper suggests a framework for achieving the objective of protecting human rights in the context of climate change response measures.
Who May Geoengineer: Self-defense, Civil Disobedience, and Revolution (Part Two) – Patrick Taylor Smith
Can geoengineering by a victim, low-emitting state meet the requirements necessary to be justified as civil disobedience?
The international human right to science and its application to geoengineering research and innovation- Kristin Barham & Anna-Maria Hubert
While many general human rights articulated in international law are of consequence for geoengineering research and development, the normative framework of the right to science has particular relevance. This right has the potential to enhance accountability, transparency and participation, particularly in addressing the socio-technical risks associated with early research and innovation processes.
Who May Geoengineer: Self-defense, Civil Disobedience, and Revolution (Part One) – Patrick Taylor Smith
Much of the discussion about the appropriateness or usefulness of geoengineering has relied upon a shared assumption about who might end up deploying these new tools- rich and powerful nations. But what if weak and less powerful nations deploy geoengineering to defend themselves against climate impacts?
Climate-induced migration and climate engineering: Three notes on how to think through them together – Holly J. Buck
All scholarship on the relationship between climate migration and unrest (including Kelley et al’s paper) makes clear that there is always a complex of factors, which begs the question: can international law make decisions on conferring migrant or refugee status if someone is, say, a 30% climate migrant, a 20% economic migrant, and a 50% war refugee? The crux of the challenge is obvious. Governing climate engineering, with its uncertainty and difficulty in attributing consequences, is a similarly complex institutional design challenge.
In the context of climate engineering, we know that the alternative policy—even the ideal alternative policy—will also result in human rights violations.
As we move more quickly toward experimentation and potential implementation of CE, in order to ensure an inclusive, transparent decision-making process and to responsibly account for the possible negative impacts of CE interventions, the role of human rights must be seriously considered.