Legal and Soft Law Instruments Pertinent to Climate Engineering

Click on category/treaty to jump to texts:

  1. United Nations Outer Space Treaty  (1967)
  2. Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter (London Convention) (1972)/London Protocol (1996)
  3. Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques (ENMOD) (1978)
  4. Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (1979)
  5. United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (1982)
  6. The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (1987)
  7. Convention on Biological Diversity (1992)
  8. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (1992)
  9. United Nations Resolutions
  10. Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission
  11. European Union
  12. Statements of Private Organizations

 

1. United Nations Outer Space Treaty (1967) 

2. Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter (London Convention) (1972)/London Protocol (1996)

  • 2.1 Provisions of the London Convention & London Protocol Pertinent to Climate Geoengineering
  • 2.2 Resolutions
  • 2.5 Reports of the Parties to the London Convention/London Protocol
  • 2.6 Informational Documents

3. Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques (ENMOD) (1978)

4. Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (1979)

5. United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (1982)

6. The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (1987)

7. Convention on Biological Diversity (1992)

  • 7.2 Decisions/Statements of the Parties to the CBD Pertinent to Climate Geoengineering
  • 7.3 Reports:
  • 7.4 Reports of the CBD Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice:

8. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (1992)

 

9.  United Nations Resolutions

10. Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission

11. European Union

12. Statements by Private Organizations